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Poland: Basic Information

Total Area: 312,685 sq km (117,400 sq ml); Geographic coordinates: 52 00 N, 20 00 E. Poland is situated in Central Europe, East from Germany, West from Russia, South from Carpathian Mountains and North from Baltic sea; Compare - Germany: 357,021 sq km, Czech Republic: 78,866 sq km

Border countries:: (clockwise from Baltic see): Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) 206 km, Lithuania 91 km, Belarus 407 km, Ukraine 526 km, Slovakia 444 km, Czech Republic 658 km, Germany 456 km, coastline (Baltic sea) 491 km

Polish flag:  white and red stripes

Total Population:: 38,626,349 (July 2004 est.)
Compare - Germany: 82,424,609, Czech Republic: 10,246,178

Life expectancy at birth: : total population: 74.16 years - male: 70.04 years - female: 78.52 years (2004 est.)
Compare - USA: 76.4, Russia: 67.2

Population growth rate: 0.02% (2004 est.); Total fertility rate: 1.38 children born/woman (2004 est.).)
Compare total fertility rates - Germany: 1.38, Russia: 1.26, USA: 2.07

Polish coat of arms:  white eagle on red backgroundCapital: Warszawa (Warsaw): 1.7 mln

Other big Cities: Lodz, Krakow (Cracow), Wroclaw (Breslau), Gdansk (Danzig)
- click to see a map with main Polish cities

Ethnic groups: Polish 96.7%, German 0.4%, Belarusian 0.1%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other 2.7% (2002)

Religions: Roman Catholic 95% (about 75% practicing), Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, and other 5%

Languages: Polish

Currency: zloty (PLN), 1 US dollar = 3.5 Polish zloty (2004)

Gross Domestic Product per capita: $11,100
Compare - USA: $37,800, Germany: $27,600, Czech Republic: $15,700, Slovakia: $13,300, Russia: $8,900

Administrative divisions: 16 provinces
click to see a map with the administrative division

The biggest Rivers: Wisla (Vistula), Odra (Oder)

The highest point: Rysy 2,499 m

Natural resources: coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land

Climate: temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers

Terrain: Mostly flat plain (European Plain) because of the lack of natural barriers an area of conflicts and invasions mainly from West and East; mountains along southern border;

* Some information was based on CIA Factbook

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